Lessons for African neighbours
The factors leading to Robert Mugabe’s ouster are being assessed by experts in different ways but one thing is clear – the current developments are the culmination of three inter-related realities.
The resignation of Robert Mugabe last month from the Presidentship of Zimbabwe after ruling the country uninterrupted for 37 years since the liberation from the Britishers, has many lessons for the ruling national liberation movements in other parts of Africa. Mugabe was one of the tallest leaders of the African liberation movements against apartheid and colonialism and he played an important role in voicing the aspirations of the newly liberated African nations in the initial stages after coming to power. But when he was forced to resign by the Zimbabwe army leaders with full support from his Party ZANU-PF, he was a pale shadow of the fiery revolutionary that he was during the liberation struggle. He was alienated from the progressives in his Party and he was surrounded by a coterie led by his wife Grace whose actions angered both the ruling Party and the army leadership. At 93, Mugabe was not in full control of his mental faculty also and he was persuaded to take many measures which led to rampant corruption in the country.