New strand of fundamentalism in Kashmir
With no sign of the unrest in Kashmir subsiding, the state is passing through one of the worst phases of its history. The scene has been made gloomier by the fact that both the Centre and the state governments appear to be clueless about the solution.
Although Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti believes that only five percent of the people in the state are supporting the insurgency, she has been unable to rally the remaining 95 percent in the government's favour. Her administrative inexperience and political timidity may be responsible for her seeming helplessness.
But, unfortunately, her coalition partner, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), has also been unable to come out with ideas other than the use of strong-arm methods, of which the pellet gun remains the primary weapon, to bring the situation under control.
It has to be noted that these guns, which can cause blindness, are not used anywhere else to control agitating mobs as, for instance, when the Jats went on a rampage in Haryana or when there was anti-Tamil violence in Bengaluru over the Cauvery waters dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
If there is a feeling of alienation among the ordinary Kashmiris, it cannot but have been accentuated by such patent differences in crowd-control measures. It is also undeniable that like the people of the northeast, the Kashmiris are also nowadays being looked at with mistrust for being "different". Quelling the turmoil in the Kashmir Valley should not be the only objective, therefore, of the government and civil society. There is also a need to reach out to the Kashmiri students and others who are studying and working in other parts of the country.
However, winning hearts and minds does not appear to be high on the list of priorities of the Centre as when the then Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, spoke of insaniyat, or humaneness, while dealing with Kashmir. Instead, the BJP leaders still seem to be guided by their customary hardline attitude although there hasn't been any talk recently of abrogating Article 370 (of the Indian Constitution) which confers a special status on Kashmir. In a belated attempt to douse the flames, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh did go to the valley to mediate with the putative trouble-makers -- the separatists of the Hurriyat Conference.
But the latter showed no interest in talking to the all-party delegation which accompanied the Home Minister. Having succeeded in cornering the Centre and the state government, the separatists obviously saw no reason to come to their rescue. But the situation is now taking a turn which is causing concern even to the Hurriyat. It is the burning of nearly 30 schools, including a 113-year-old institution in Anantnag district, which has made even the hardliner, Syed Ali Shah Geelani, describe the arsonists as "enemies of the people of Kashmir".
It is possible that the Hurriyat has realised that the situation is going out of its control, which is why it does not seem to know who the arsonists are.
The Lashkar-e-Taiba has been mentioned in this context. But whichever organisation is behind the incendiary attacks, what is a matter of deep concern is the surfacing of a brand of Islamic fundamentalism associated with the Taliban of the Af-Pak region, which is known for the attack on a Peshawar school in 2014 and the shooting of the school girl, Malala Yousafzai (now a Nobel peace prize winner), in 2012. While the Taliban's opposition to women's education may have currently metamorphosed into a rejection of education in general, it is a pity that Kashmir should have become the venue of their depredations.
It is sadly ironic that a state, which was known for the most gentle form of Islam associated with the pluralistic concept of Kashmiriyat, should fall prey to a vicious expression of hate.
Even if Geelani today is criticising the arsonists, he and the others in the Hurriyat cannot ignore the fact that it is their pursuit of a Shariat-based society with its cruel medievalism which decrees the cutting off of a thief's hands and pushes women indoors, which has encouraged fundamentalism to take root in Kashmir at the expense of democratic norms. The burning of schools is only to be expected in such a negative atmosphere since a modern education is an anathema to the zealots. If the latter can ensure that a generation will grow up unlettered and untutored, they can be easily manipulated not only to throw stones at the police but also swell the ranks of the militants.
Any failure to bring them to book will only make the conditions even more anarchic, turning the once widely acclaimed paradise on earth into a lawless tract of land where no civilised existence is possible as in large areas in the Af-Pak region.
As before, Kashmir remains a test case for the success of the multicultural ethos. But only large-scale investment, starting with the rebuilding of the burnt-out schools and creating widespread employment opportunities, can dispel misapprehensions about a hard-hearted Centre and bring the people in the valley closer to the rest of the country.
(Amulya Ganguli is apolitical analyst. Views expressed are personal.)