In the midst of meat politics in Digital India
Narendra Modi is probably learning the veracity of Stalin’s insightful aphorism that while one death is a tragedy, a million is a statistic. In a country which has seen innumerable communal riots and a 25 percent rise in inter-faith violence since Modi came to power, the furore over the death of one Muslim in a village must be something of a puzzle. The unfortunate event has been hugely disconcerting for the government because it cannot quite anticipate what the fallout will be over a period.
Its concerns must be all the greater because the incident persuaded President Pranab Mukherjee to deviate from a written script at a Rashtrapati Bhavan function and call for preserving the nation’s “core” values. The President’s appeal made the Prime Minister break what the New York Times once called his “dangerous silence” on the attacks on minorities and urged Hindus and Muslims to fight poverty and not one another.
Evidently, the murderous attack on a Muslim family by a saffron mob on the suspicion that they were eating beef has alerted the prime minister about the growing level of intolerance in the saffron camp. For Modi, the tragedy could not have occurred at a worse time, for it has taken much of the sheen off his recent foreign trip. The murder overshadowed even German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s visit to India.
What the Centre and the BJP may feel uneasy about is that even as they issue the routine condemnations, they will be largely unable to brush aside the primary motive for the murder. It is because cow slaughter has always had great emotional appeal for the saffron brotherhood.
As a result, the Hindu chauvinists will be forever on the lookout for any provocation in their eyes. The manhandling of an MLA by BJP legislators inside the Jammu and Kashmir assembly for holding a beef party is one such example of the provocation they seek.
These acts of violence show that for all of Modi’s efforts, the communal situation will continue to simmer. Moreover, the government’s difficulty will be in failing to sell the idea of the “holy cow” without being seen as oddballs in today’s world by the beef-eating foreign investors.
It was easier for the Hindutva lobby to accuse Muslims of invasion, rape, pillage and desecration of temples in medieval times, and then link them with today’s jehadis in order to buttress its essentially anti-Muslim worldview.
But it is difficult to justify the killing of a Muslim for allegedly eating beef. Hence, the widespread criticism in the international media of this “accident”, as Union Minister of State for Culture Mahesh Sharma called it.
In the last few days, therefore, much of the favourable impression that Modi succeeded in creating about himself abroad has been largely negated by the rage expressed by <g data-gr-id="47">saffronites</g> against beef-eaters.
Coupled with the suspected involvement of the Hindu Right in the killing of rationalists, the anti-beef agitation will make the task of governance all the more difficult.
Arguably, the realisation in the government that the depredations of the Hindu fundamentalists will have an adverse impact on foreign investment will persuade it to rein them in.
But it will not be easy to bridge the gap between Modi’s vision of a 21st century India - a digitalized nation, smart cities, bullet trains - and the desire of the Hindu hyper-nationalists to impose their culinary fads on the country.
Admittedly, the BJP is a lot soberer than the time when it moved from the margins of politics to centre-stage in the 1990s with its call for demolishing mosques.
Stints in power at the centre and in some of the states have made it aware of the “idea” of India, or the Nehruvian concept of a nation of a composite culture, incorporating the multihued strands of the religions of all those who live in the country - Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Parsis and others. However, this sophisticated view is apparently confined to a thin layer of those in the BJP’s upper echelons while the vast majority of the party and the Sangh Parivar subscribes to the concept of Hindu Rashtra (nation), where the minorities will be second class citizens. Modi has been successful so far in preventing a major communal outbreak that was anticipated by the Congress’s Mani Shankar Aiyar.
The latest incident, however, poses a real challenge to the Prime Minister because it relates to the issue of cow slaughter that is probably even more sensitive to the saffron crowd than the “ocular” provocations. Yet, he has no option but to douse the flames since the success or failure of his “Make in India” project based on foreign investment depends on his fire-fighting abilities directed against sections of his own party and ‘Parivar’.
(Amulya Ganguli is a political analyst. The views expressed are personal)