WTO rules against India on US solar exports
The panel agreed with the US that India's "localisation" rules discriminated against imported solar cells and modules under India's National Solar Mission, according to an official news release citing USTR Michael Froman.
India's domestic content requirements, it agreed, discriminate against US solar cells and modules by requiring solar power developers to use Indian-manufactured cells and modules rather than US or other imported solar technology in breach of international trade rules.
The panel also rejected India's defensive arguments and determined local content requirements are inconsistent with national treatment obligations in Article 2.1 of the Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures (TRIMs Agreement) and Article III:4 of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994.
The USTR called it "an important outcome, not just as it applies to this case, but also as other countries consider localization policies."
USTR said it initiated this dispute in February 2013 because it considered that India's domestic content requirements are inconsistent with WTO rules that prohibit discrimination against imported products.
Global non-governments were unhappy over the decision. "Friends of the Earth is dismayed that climate policy is being made by an international trade tribunal," said Bill Waren, the organisation's senior trade analyst.
"The government of India reasonably provided some preferences for local producers of solar energy in order to convert from a carbon economy to a green economy. The WTO decision, finding India's solar energy program a violation of international trade law, is an outrage," he said.
"Trade law trumps the Paris climate accord."
The USTR said the Unites States has consistently made the case that India can achieve its clean energy goals faster and more cost-effectively by allowing solar technologies to be imported from the US and other solar producers.
"Today, the WTO panel agreed with the United States that India's 'localization' measures discriminate against US manufacturers and are against WTO rules," Froman said.
The US and India "are strong supporters of the multilateral, rules-based trading system and take our WTO obligations seriously," he said.
"This is an important outcome, not just as it applies to this case, but for the message it sends to other countries considering discriminatory 'localization' policies."
"The United States strongly supports the rapid deployment of solar energy around the world - including in India," Froman said.
"But discriminatory policies in the clean energy space in fact undermine our efforts to promote clean energy by requiring the use of more expensive and less efficient equipment, raising the cost of generating clean energy and making it more difficult for clean energy sources to be competitive," he said.
The US had challenged the Government of India's imposition of domestic content requirements for solar cells and modules under India's National Solar Mission.