'Pak views Afghan Taliban as reliable anti-India element in Afghanistan'
Washington DC: Pakistan considers Afghan Taliban as a "relatively friendly" and "reliable anti-India element" in Afghanistan as it fears a strategic encirclement by New Delhi whose interest in the war-torn country stems largely from its broader regional rivalry with Islamabad, a US Congressional report has said.
In its latest report on Afghanistan, the independent and bipartisan Congressional Research Service (CRS) identified Pakistan as the most important neighbour of Afghanistan.
However, it said Pakistan wanted a weak government in Kabul and has played an active, and by many accounts, a negative role in Afghan affairs for decades. "Pakistan's security establishment, fearful of a strategic encirclement by India, apparently continues to view the Afghan Taliban as a relatively friendly and reliable anti-India element in Afghanistan," the CRS said.
"India's diplomatic and commercial presence in Afghanistan - and US rhetorical support for it - exacerbates Pakistani fears of encirclement. Indian interest in Afghanistan stems largely from India's broader regional rivalry with Pakistan, which impedes Indian efforts to establish stronger and more direct commercial and political relations with central Asia," it said in its latest report on Afghanistan.
Pakistan's security services maintain ties to Afghan insurgent groups, most notably to the Haqqani Network, a US-designated Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) that has become an official, semiautonomous component of the Taliban, the CRS said. It periodically prepares reports on issues of importance for Congressmen for them to make informed decisions.
Afghan leaders, along with US military commanders, attribute much of the insurgency's power and longevity either directly or indirectly to Pakistani support, the report said, adding that US President Donald Trump has accused Pakistan of "housing the very terrorists that we are fighting".
US officials have long identified militant safe havens in Pakistan as a threat to Afghanistan's security, though some Pakistani officials dispute the charge, it said. "Pakistan may view a weak and destabilised Afghanistan as preferable to a strong, unified Afghan state (particularly one led by an ethnic Pashtun-dominated government in Kabul; Pakistan has a large and restive Pashtun minority)," the report said.
However, instability in Afghanistan could rebound to Pakistan's detriment; Pakistan has struggled with indigenous Islamist militants of its own, the report added.Afghanistan-Pakistan relations are further complicated by the presence of over a million Afghan refugees in Pakistan, as well as a long-running and ethnically tinged dispute over their shared 1,600-mile border, it said.
Insurgent and terrorist groups have demonstrated considerable capabilities in 2019, throwing into sharp relief the daunting security challenges that the Afghan government and its US and international partners face.