What can I do to save a species like the tiger?
Collect as much money as you can and give it to genuine groups who don't waste it on advertising and giving T-shirts with slogans but who buy jeeps, pay for lawyers and work with the police in and around reserves to save not just the tigers but also their prey – deer, monkeys etc. Also, plant as many trees as you can. One tree that saves a species locally goes a long way towards saving key species elsewhere on the planet. Don't eat meat. Less cattle and goats feeding in the forests so that their owners can sell them for your meat, means more tigers immediately.
Which are the animals that have the lowest ability to survive and will probably become extinct soon?
I have seen, in my lifetime, vultures and sparrows disappear and now I believe that, in my lifetime, bees and crows will go as well. Which means, possibly, the end of mankind could be very soon from the lack of food. In March, this year, animal scientists listed the 15 animal species that are at the absolute greatest risk of becoming extinct very soon – in the next three years. Expertise and money is needed to save them and other highly threatened species.
A study published in Current Biology concludes that a subset of 841 endangered animal species can be saved, but only if conservation efforts are implemented.
To estimate the opportunities to conserve these species the researchers computed the cost of, and opportunities for, conserving 841 species of mammals, reptiles, birds and amphibians listed by the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) as restricted to single sites and categorised as Endangered or Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. The estimated total cost to conserve the 841 animal species in their natural habitats was calculated to be over US$ One billion total per year. The estimated annual cost for complementary management in zoos was US$ 160 million.
When compared to global government spending on other sectors like defence spending, which is more than 500 times greater – an investment in protecting high biodiversity value sites is minor.
The 15 species with the lowest chances for survival in the wild and in zoos are:
Bay Lycian salamander, Lyciasalamandrabillae, Turkey.
Perereca Bokermannohyla izeck sohni, Brazil.
Campo Grande tree frog, Hypsiboas dulcimer, Brazil.
Santa Cruz dwarf frog, Physalaemussoaresi, Brazil.
Zorro bubble-nest frog, Pseudophilautuszorro, Sri Lanka.
Ash's lark, Mirafraashi, Somalia.
Tahiti monarch, Pomareanigra, French Polynesia.
Zino's petrel, Pterodromamadeira, Madeira.
Mascarene petrel, Pseudobulweriaaterrima, Reunion Island.
Wilkins's finch, Nesospizawilkinsi, Tristan da Cunha.
Amsterdam albatross, Diomedeaamsterdamensis, New Amsterdam (Amsterdam Island).
Mount Lefo brush-furred mouse, Lophuromyseisentrauti, Cameroon.
Chiapan climbing rat, Tylomysbullaris, Mexico.
Tropical pocket gopher, Geomystropicalis.
The low chance for survival is due to at least three of the following factors:
High probability of its habitat becoming urbanised
Political instability in the site
High costs of habitat protection and management.
The opportunity of establishing an insurance population in zoos for these 15 species is low, due to lack of breeding expertise for the species.
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