‘Shortage of judges not the only reason for pending cases’
Citing data from states such as Delhi and Gujarat, which are struggling to dispose of cases despite a higher judge-population ratio, the ministry said that a variety of factors contribute to delay in disposal of court cases, which include lack of court management systems, frequent adjournments, strikes by lawyers, accumulation of first appeals, indiscriminate use of writ jurisdiction and lack of adequate arrangement to monitor, track and bunch cases for hearing.
The ministry’s note comes months after Chief Justice of India TS Thakur lamented “inaction” by the executive to increase the number of judges from the present 21,000 to 40,000 to handle pendency of cases.
According to the data, states with a higher judge-population ratio, such as Delhi (ranked 2 in terms of the judge-population ratio) and Gujarat (ranked 5), are still struggling to dispose of pending cases.
“Conversely, states such as Tamil Nadu and Punjab, which are ranked lower in terms of judge-population ratio, have a comparatively lesser number of pending cases,” it says.
A note prepared by the ministry for the advisory council of national mission for justice delivery and legal reforms states that “the linking of the problem of pendency of cases in courts with a shortage of judges alone may not present the complete picture”.
It states that an analysis of the figures regarding the number of civil cases instituted per annum in district and subordinate courts between 2005 and 2015 reveals that the number of cases instituted has come down from 40,69,073 civil cases in 2005 to 36,22,815 in 2015 — a decline of 11 per cent.
During the same time, the pendency of civil cases increased from 72,54,145 in 2005 to 84,056,47 in 2015 — an increase of 16 per cent.
“It is pertinent to note that in 2005, the working strength of the judges in the district and subordinate courts was 11,682, which increased to 16,070 in 2015. Despite the increase in the number of judges and a decline in the number of cases being filed, the pendency of civil cases has increased,” the document observed.
There are 4,432 vacancies of judges in subordinate courts in the country as on December 31, 2015, while the 24 high courts face a shortage of nearly 450 judges.