Observing that loan disbursed by banks in excess of an estimated project cost is "strange", a parliamentary panel has expressed concern over a large chunk of about Rs 75,000 crore of loans extended to the road sector turning bad. In particular, the panel has raised questions about huge loans advanced to Jaypee Infratech turning into NPAs.
"Some of the banks have given information on total loan (Rs 74,088 crore) given to the road sector... for IDBI, the NPA percentage is as high as 52 per cent of loan disbursed for the road sector. The committee wants to know the reason why this huge amount has become NPA, that too to a single concessionaire, Jaypee Infratech Ltd," the panel chaired by Kanwar Deep Singh said in its latest report.
Seeking full details of the project awarded to Jaypee, the 33-member standing committee on transport further observed that State Bank of India has lent Rs 19,502 crore out of which Rs 1,986 crore has slipped into NPAs.
SBI submitted before the committee that the projects may be approved only after ensuring 90 per cent of land acquisition is completed. The panel said, "The committee finds it strange as to how the concessionaire who has got a project for Rs 1,000 crore gets Rs 1,400 crore for the same project." It also asked: "Why the concessionaire has been given a free hand to get the bank's loan as per their wish?" It instructed NHAI to keep a watch on the excess loan amount obtained by the developer. Incidentally, former road transport and highways secretary Vijay Chhibber has remarked that aggressive lending by banks which were "happily over-financing even non-serious highway players without assessing risks has virtually killed the sector".
He said, "The concessionaires and bankers are not realising that we are reaching a stage of impatience, and people who are users of these roads are not going to be waiting any more."
Projecting that total NPAs of Rs 2.6 lakh crore may go up to Rs 4 lakh crore because of defaults, the panel recommended that banks be empowered more to make recovery of bad debt. Asking the government to consider empowering the banks adequately to make recovery of bad debt easier, it said, "For example, in the case of a default, the banks may be allowed to take over the entire company."
It also noted SBI's contention that all approvals from statutory authorities and clearances from government agencies should be obtained before a particular project is sent for bidding. "Another area of discord is the project cost estimated by NHAI and the concessionaires, which results in lending delay by financial institutions," the committee said.
Earlier, banks have raised concerns on Reserve Bank of India’s new norms for bank exposure to large corporate entities, particularly in large infrastructure projects. “The new norms will have definite impact on large infrastructure projects. We as an industry have raised concerns with the RBI Governor and asked to look into it,” SBI managing director (compliance & risks) P K Gupta said at the banking summit organised by Indian Chamber of Commerce here. There could be some concerns for financing large infrastructure projects, particularly greenfield projects, he later told newsmen. As per the new RBI norms, which will come into affect from April 1, 2017, incremental exposure of banking system to a specified borrower beyond normally permitted lending limit (NPLL) will be deemed to carry higher risk which will be recognised by way of additional provisioning and higher risk weight.