Positive budget for real estate sector
Along expected lines, this year’s budget did not unveil any big bang measures for the beleaguered real estate sector. Yet, it aims to revitalise the economy, triggering investments through a series of reform measures. It also seeks to spur infrastructure and boost affordable housing, to provide a sigh of relief to the sector.
In the absence of any largesse and quick fix solutions, the budget may look disappointing. But it is perfectly in line with the government’s philosophy that real estate should grow on the strength of the economy and follow the path of long-term, sustained and inclusive growth.
As infrastructure holds the key to the growth of real estate, as expected, the budget made a record allocation of Rs.2.31 lakh crore for roads, highways and railways, besides focusing on greenfield ports and up gradation of unused and under-utilized airports and airstrips.
As the trigger to start the investment cycle has to come from public spending, the budget has rightly focused on spending on basic infrastructure construction through multi-pronged strategy of establishing a Rs.4,000 crore National Investment & infrastructure Fund, a dedicated LIC Fund to provide credit enhancement to infrastructure projects, revitalizing public-private partnership (PPP) mode of infrastructure development and revamping dispute resolution mechanism The focus on public capital expenditure, is expected to help crowd in private investment.
The budget is fully seized of the ground reality that while commercial office real estate is on a recovery path, residential real estate is still under a lot of stress. Therefore, it lays emphasis on strengthening housing sector in line with government’s mission of ‘Housing for All’. And since most of the housing shortage are in low-cost housing, the budget rightly stresses on affordable housing.
To boost supply, the budget has incentivised private developers by making provision for 100 percent service tax exemption for affordable homes with sizes up to 30 square metres in metros and 60 square metres in non-metros. In order to encourage timely delivery of homes, the government has put a condition that developers can avail tax benefit only if they complete construction within three years.
On the demand side, the budget has provided an additional rebate of Rs.50,000 per annum on housing loan interest for first time home buyers in affordable segment, with loans not exceeding Rs.35 lakh and property value not exceeding Rs.50 lakh (though it is on the lower side in metros to realize full potential).
The hike in the limit of deduction for rent paid under Section 80 GG of IT Act will positively impact rental demand for affordable housing. The exemption of real estate investment trusts (REITs) from Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) will also give a fillip to affordable housing.
Considering that rental housing can play an important role in the success of “Housing for All”, the budget has provided a much-needed boost to it by hiking the HRA limit from Rs.24,000 to Rs.60,000 crore per annum for rented accommodation. Further, with government firmly sticking to 3.5 percent fiscal target, going forward, the budget will provide enough head room for reduction in interest rates for home loans to boost housing.
Already, in order to boost low-cost housing, home loan takers are getting an interest subsidy of 6.5 percent on loans up to Rs.6 lakh for economically weaker sections (EWS) through credit-linked subsidy component of “Housing for All”. And now in the budget, the lowering of corporate tax (for FY 18) for companies with below Rs 5.crore turnover, will boost housing finance companies focusing on lower income groups (LIG) and EWS segments.
The budget has also addressed the important issue of bringing home prices within the reach of masses. Though the government has not hiked the IT limit, yet hike in HRA limit and provision of standard deduction of Rs.24,000 p.a for those, not availing HRA, will push up disposable income to enhance affordability.
The service tax exemption to developers undertaking affordable housing will help cut down the housing cost. The extension of excise tax waiver from Concrete Mix to Ready Mix Concrete will also reduce cost. The abolition of DDT for REITs will help access cheaper funding, thereby resulting in cost reduction.
All these measures will provide a fillip to housing, particularly affordable housing. The corporate real estate, on the other hand, will get benefited with the announcement extending the sunset date for exemption of fiscal incentives to SEZs to March 2020. The commercial office sector will further get propelled with a boost to REITs.
Since liquidity crunch has been the biggest bane of real estate sector, it was expected that the budget will address this crucial issue. But in view of the poor health of banks, it was not justified to accord industry status to real estate to access cheap bank funding. However, with the government taking effective measures on reviving ailing banks like allocation of Rs.25,000 crore for recapitalisation of public sector banks, one can expect the inflow of bank capital to developers in the times to come.
But by making REITs attractive for investors, the budget provides an opportunity to fund-starved developers to raise capital. The service tax exemption to affordable homes will improve the viability of such projects, making it easier for developers to attract private domestic and foreign investment. The decision to deepen corporate bond market will prove to be a shot in the arm of private developers.
With this year’s budget, the government carries forward its reform process to boost realty, that started with liberalising FDI norms to boost affordable housing, allocating huge funds for urban infrastructure projects, reviving SEZs and bringing housing for economically weaker sections and slum redevelopment under CSR to provide impetus to low-cost housing.
The provision made in this year’s budget for digitization of land records will improve transparency, thereby boosting the confidence of property buyers and investors. This will also expedite the process of land acquisition, thereby checking delivery delays and cost escalation.
The announcement to set up 300 “Rurban” clusters is another positive reform to boost realty. The budget has, however, partially addressed the issue of introducing a single-window system to check long delays in project approval due to multiple authorities by bringing amendments to the Companies Act, 2013, and revamping existing procedures and processes through tech intervention.
The government is quite serious and focused on getting two crucial reform bills of Real Estate Regulation and Development Bill and GST bill (currently stuck in parliament) passed, in order to introduce single, uniform tax regime and empower property consumers and investors by providing a fair deal for setting up regulatory authority.
In sum, it is a positive budget that is set to boost the sentiment of the real estate sector. Though the sector reeling under a slowdown, had hoped for much more relief, yet, there is enough on the platter to induce home buyers and developers, taking real estate forward on the road to revival and sustained growth.
(Vinod Behl is the editor, Realty Plus, a leading real estate monthly. The views expressed are strictly personal)