Political, fiscal steps for solar alliance
The 21st Conference of Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris is a significant platform that has the power to change the face of the planet.
And the word “power” reminds you of its importance at this stage. It is among the prime factors that play a pivotal role in climate change.
With the advancement of technology, the demand and dependence on energy have increased. Every growing city is energy-hungry and adding to the climate-related concerns. But, we cannot ignore the fact that we need the energy to sustain. Therefore, we certainly require a change.
We cannot have Smart Cities unless we have smart strategies to govern our resources.
Renewables are the biggest weapon available, which needs to be tapped at the optimum level. And India has vast resources of solar and wind energy which are yet majorly untouched.
In fact, India aims to expand its renewable sector by adding 175 Gigawatts though these mediums by 2022.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself outlined this during the launch of the grand Solar Alliance of over 120 countries on the opening day of the Paris conference on November 30.
This gives an optimistic impression of the Prime Minister’s aspiration to create clean fuel while also making it available for use.
We need a paradigm shift now: From fossils to solar energy, shifting the dependence, in order to generate power that doesn’t poison the environment. From barely 20 MW in 2011, has India’s installed solar capacity increased to 3.74 GW as of March 2015.With some 300 sunny days in a year, India projects 5 EWh/yr (5,000 trillion kilowatt-hours per year) of solar incidence on its land area alone.
India’s geographical features do largely support making the most of the wealth shining from the heavens.
An initial investment of $30 million in setting up a solar secretariat in India is like the foundation of this vision, which can eventually raise $400 million from the memberships, and international agencies as innovation funds.By creating a larger solar market, we lower the costs, increase demand, and stir the change. This will enable villages deprived of electricity to also benefit from it. Additionally, the employment opportunities across the country and globe will also magnify.
But this mission isn’t here without hurdles. We need to look again at the following aspects to make this grand plan happen as envisioned. No pain, no gain:
- One of the major issues: Service tax levied on the sale of solar power generated through the rooftop solar panel, by small entrepreneurs to its tenants, is not specifically mentioned in the negative list of the service tax.
- Only renewable energy service companies and distributors are exempted from service tax.
- Consequently, tenants refuse to buy solar-fed electricity from the small entrepreneurs with additional 14.5 percent service tax on it. This is discouraging.
- Affordability, especially for the households, is in question.
- Despite the fact that the prices of photovoltaic or solar modules have crashed 50 percent since 2011, costs involved in installing these panels on rooftops is high on the upfront.
- Photovoltaic module constitutes approximately 50 percent of the rooftop cost and installation of 1 KW potent panel costs Rs.65,000 without battery back-up and subsidy.
- Assembling the parts for power storage is expensive. Additionally, technical specifications -- like voltage, flicker, and sync of the net-metering system - and support is lacking.
- We also lack financial support for solar projects due to limited track records and less awareness among consumers.
All the issues listed above need to be resolved for making the alliance successful. Solar energy is like a heavenly gift for us. Prime Minister Modi has been a clean energy propagator, and his efforts towards rolling out over 900 MW of solar energy in Gujarat is commendable.
Certainly, his alliance proposal indicates a “sunrise of new hope” for India. Banning production and sale of the conventional incandescent bulbs and compact fluorescent lamp, while accepting systems based on light-emitting diodes wholeheartedly, can act as the cherry on top.India will, then, have less craving for energy.
And the proposed self-commitment by the country to the Paris meet - 35 percent reduction in its energy intensity and 40 percent share of installed capacity from renewables - would them be a viable goal.
(Kamal Meattle, chief executive of Paharpur Business Centre, is also a trustee of The Climate Reality Project - a foundation set up by Nobel Laureate Al Gore - in India. The views expressed are strictly personal)