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Parliamentary panel opposes bank licences for corporates

Headed by senior BJP leader Yashwant Sinha, the Standing Committee on Finance also asked the RBI to review the guidelines on 'licensing of new banks in the private sector' issued on 22 February.
'Banking being a highly leveraged business involving public money and public welfare, the committee is of the considered opinion that it will be more in the fitness of things to keep industry and banking separate.

'The committee, therefore desires the government/Reserve Bank of India to review the licencing guidelines accordingly,' the report tabled in Parliament said.

About two dozens, including corporate houses, are in the fray to obtain bank licenses, which the RBI proposes to grant in the first quarter of 2014. The committee has expressed apprehension that management of private banks may deploy their funds to extend undue favour to own industrial owners, as it was noticed in the pre- nationalised era.

'... the committee are apprehensive that industrial/ business houses may not be geared to achieve the national objectives of financial inclusion, priority sector lending, etc,' the report said.

The 32-member panel further said that 'fit and proper' criteria to be used by the RBI to grant licenses 'is too ambiguous' and too much scope has been left for subjective discretion of RBI.
Having such subjective, ambiguous and open-ended criteria, it said, may leave the doors open for arbitrariness and invite charges of favouritism.

'The committee, would therefore, suggest that a more precise, a coherent and objective yardstick/criteria may be formulated to assess the credentials of divergent entities from different sectors in a uniform manner,' the report said.

With a view to ensuring fair-play and justice in the licensing process, it favoured a suitable mechanism to enable aggrieved applicants to seek review of decisions.

Besides, it has recommended raising the minimum capital requirement for raising the minimum capital requirement for the new banks to Rs 1,000 crore from the present Rs 500 crore. On timeline, the committee recommended the RBI to execute the process of screening and evaluation of applications in a well-defined and transparent manner without leaving any room for speculation or conjecture.
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