Transforming rural India
Rapid agriculture growth, complemented by a rapid rural employment growth, has always been the focus of India's policymakers. Mahatma Gandhi envisaged India as a Nation of self-sufficient, autonomous village republics. Land—the summum bonum of rural existence, along with agricultural structure, were the most faster-growing determinants of India's development. The highly skewed distribution of land was responsible for prevailing agricultural backwardness. As labour was the critical income generating asset of rural India, changes in agricultural holding structures were necessary to ensure the continued prosperity of the rural population. Accordingly, India's State policy had focused on State Governments formulating and implementing Land Reforms legislations. These included the Land Ceiling Act, the Tenancy Act, the Land Revenue Act and the broadly adopted land to the tiller policy. Surplus arable government lands were distributed to the poor and needy peasants for their livelihoods. These policies were envisaged to promote agricultural growth and alleviate rural poverty.