India's strategic gateway
Chabahar port will diminish the importance of Gwadar port.
Chabahar port in the Sistan-Baluchistan Province on the south-eastern coast of Iran is of major strategic importance to India as it would give it sea-land access into Afghanistan and through Iran's eastern borders, to Central Asia. From Chabahar port, there is a 883 kms road route to Afghanistan's border town of Zaranj, the Zaranj-Delaram road constructed by India's Border Roads Organisation in 2009, provides access to four major cities of Afghanistan- Herat, Kandahar, Kabul and Mazar-e-Sharif. Chabahar will also serve as the Indian Ocean outlet for Central Asia, and the proposed 7200 kms International North-South Corridor (INSTC) running northward through Iran and Afghanistan, will also provide India vital access to the markets of five Central Asian Republics (CARs), Russia, and ultimately Europe.