One year after Balakot strike: When 'Bandar' was code for success
New Delhi: It may mean monkey in Hindi and port in Persian, but 'Bandar' for now retired Air Force commander Hari Kumar was the code word for success that fateful morning one year ago when Indian jets crossed over to Pakistan to pound a terror camp in Balakot.
And 'Bandar' it was at 3.55 am on February 26, 2019, when Kumar called then Chief of Air Staff B S Dhanoa to confirm that the top secret Balakot air operation was a major success.
It was also his birthday, Air Marshal (retired) Kumar recalled on the first anniversary of the Balakot strike, which took place 12 days after the February 14 terror attack in Pulwama in which 40 CRPF personnel was killed.
"There was a farewell banquet for me on February 25. In the event the chief asked me about the preparations for the operation. I briefed him about finer details. Then, the chief told me to call him and say 'Bandar' if the operation was successful," Kumar told PTI in an interview.
Kumar, a key planner of the Balakot strike, was then serving as Air Officer Commanding in Chief (AOC-IN-C) of the Western Air Command which is responsible for protecting India's air space along the Pakistan border.
"At around 3.55 am on February 26, I conveyed to the air chief that it was a 'Bandar'," Kumar remembered.
A fleet of 16 aircraft of the IAF had crossed over to the Pakistani side and attacked a Jaish-e-Mohammad terrorist training camp in Balakot with Spice 2000 bombs to avenge the killing of the CRPF personnel.
Recapping the events leading to the strike, Kumar, who was involved in detailed planning of the top secret operation, said he received broad indication of the government's thinking about effectively responding to the Pulwama attack on the evening of February 14 itself.
"The chief of air staff called me on a secured phone line and asked me whether the Western Command was ready for punitive action and asked me to come for a meeting on February 15," he said.
Kumar said a bouquet of targets, comprising terrorist training camps, military establishments and infrastructure, was chosen as possible targets for the retaliation and it was left to the government to decide which installation was to be selected. "We had to reduce collateral. That meant we could not afford to have civilian casualties like women and children. The other aspect was that we wanted to achieve targets in our first attempts," Kumar said.
Not allowing Pakistan to engage with IAF jets was another consideration, he added.
"When we selected a bouquet of targets, it was left to the government to decide which target they want to select and the timing of the operation," Kumar said.
He said then RAW chief A K Dhasmana and his deputy came up with very good intelligence about the JeM terrorist training camp in Balakot at a meeting on February 18.
Kumar suggested the target was decided at the meeting while the day and timing of the operation was finalised on February 21.
"It was a perfect target as the camp was on a hilltop. There was no civilian near by. So there was no chance of collateral damage. There was a mosque on the campus which we did not want to target," said Kumar.
On how the government decided the day of the operation, Kumar said Aero India, considered one of Asia's largest aerospace exhibitions, was scheduled to be held between February 20-24 while the inauguration of the national war memorial was slated for February 25.
"Moreover, we needed time to prepare for any Pakistani retaliation," said Kumar.
The JeM camp fitted the bill as it was found to be involved in the Pulwama attack.
"In our planning, we decided on designated mean points of target. We could do it because of clear images and intelligence inputs about the camp," he added.
Kumar said 16 Mirage aircraft, six armed with Spice bombs and another six with Crystal Maze missiles crossed over to Pakistan early in the morning of February 26 while four others escorted the main fleet.
Five Spice 2000 bombs hit the targets while one was not successful.
The strike by India's warplanes on the camp and the Pakistani Air Force's subsequent retaliation the next day triggered fears of a war between the two nuclear-armed neighbours.
The most visible face of the confrontation was Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman whose capture by Pakistan after downing his MiG-21 fighter triggered the most serious military crisis between the two neighbours in decades.
But diplomatic outreach by major powers and India's stern warning to Islamabad led to his release after two days,
averting further escalation of the conflict.