Modi Govt must show courage for bold reforms: Congress
“Once the economy stabilised as I believe it had by June 2014, the Government should have then given the economy a big push by going for bold structural reforms, taken the difficult the decisions which were pending because UPA did not have absolute majority in the Lok Sabha,” former Finance Minister P Chidambaram told reporters.
“Now this government has 282 or may be 283 (seats) in the Lok Sabha, it should pick up the courage and take up bold structural reform and in doing so, it must engage the opposition. The Congress party is willing to engage if the government means business,” the Congress leader, who has been nominated from Maharashtra by the party for the Rajya Sabha polls, said.
On the Goods and Services Tax (GST), Chidambaram said that the Government has failed to engage the Congress party over the three principal objections raised by it. “Either the government should convince us that our objections are unfounded or government must accept our objections if they are well founded and bring about amendments. Such an engagement, such a dialogue, to best of my knowledge, has not taken place across the table,” he said.
Chidambaram advised the Government to reach out to the opposition and consider its suggestions. “Work with opposition, engage the opposition. There is talent and sound advice outside the government. Call them, talk to them. That’s the advice I will give any government including my own government,” he said.
At a Press conference on two years of the Modi government, he wondered “if agriculture and industry are in distress, what is there to celebrate?” The government’s record in agriculture is dismal, he said, adding growth was negative at -0.2 per cent in 2014-15 and a meagre 1.1 per cent in 2015-16 and the Government had failed to anticipate and tackle the acute distress in rural India.
“The Supreme Court has chastised the government in the strongest terms for negligence in managing the consequences of two years of drought and passing the buck in providing drought relief,” he said.
With regard to industry, Chidambaram said, annual sales growth of all firms in 2015-16 was negative at -5.7 per cent and annual sales growth of manufacturing firms was negative at -11.2 per cent.
“These are reflected in credit growth which is at a 20-year low of 9.9 per cent (average for the months of 2015-16). They are also reflected in the slump in merchandise exports which was -15.5 per cent in 2015-16. Another indicator is the Index of Industrial Production which stood at a meagre 2.4 per cent in 2015-16,” he said. “All I can point out is there are no jobs, there are no industries, industries are in slump, exports are down for the 17th successive month and nobody seems to care. If exports are down, thousands of jobs must have been lost and that’s the logical inference. The citizens of this country will drop their own score cards,” he added.
“The average citizens need jobs and incomes. They do not consume GDP numbers,” Chidambaram said. The most notable failure of the NDA Government has been in job creation, Chidambaram claimed. Expressing concern over rising retail inflation, he said, “It is not clear whether the Government and the RBI are agreed on the strategy for inflation management. In the absence of an agreed strategy, inflation is bound to increase.”
CPI inflation has risen from 3.7 per cent in July 2015 to 5.4 per cent in April 2016. He also pointed out that it is only the BJP and not its allies which are celebrating two years of the Government and NDA constituents like Shiv Sena have been “extremely critical” of the ruling party. Taking a dig at the ‘Make in India’ campaign, he said it is a non-starter at the moment. There is a study which shows that the bulk of the FDI inflows have come into the services sector and not into manufacturing, he said.
“As many as 893 projects were classified as stalled projects in March 2016. According to CMIE, 1,137 projects slipped into the categories of stalled/shelved/abandoned in the last two years. There is no evidence of private investment in Greenfield manufacturing industries,” he added.
Questioning the authenticity of the growth numbers, Chidambaram said there is little to cheer. “There is a growing dichotomy between the GDP numbers and the other economic indicators. If calculated under the methodology of the old series, the estimate for 2015-16 would be about 5 per cent and not 7.6 per cent,” he said.
On the bad loans woes, Chidambaram said that the Government has handled it with a heavy hand. “The Finance Minister himself a few days ago did comment that we should not have blown the matter out of proportion....”
“You have to make a distinction between NPAs which have occurred as a result of the economic downturn or global factors and NPAs which are the result of wilful default. If you don’t make that distinction, you are bound to make mistakes,” he said.
On replacing the fiscal deficit target with a range, Chidambaram said that it is a terrible idea to have such a range. It cannot be a moving target or a malleable target, he said, adding that the fiscal deficit target has already been advanced by a year.
After sliding back on fiscal consolidation in 2015-16, the Government has affirmed its commitment to achieve the target fiscal deficit of 3 per cent in 2017-18, he said. “However, there are questions about the methods adopted — ambitious revenue targets and off-balance sheet borrowings.”
“It will also be one year late, but better late than never,” said Chidambaram.
India, Nepal plan energy bank to meet seasonal power crunch
India and Nepal are planning to setting up an energy bank so that they can help each other to overcome the problem of power shortage. The proposal was discussed at a meeting of the India-Nepal Joint Standing Committee, a bilateral technical mechanism on water resources, power and irrigation projects.
The two countries have conducted informal discussions regarding the energy bank before, but this is the first time that Nepal has made a formal proposal, Kathmandu Post reported. According to the energy bank concept, Nepal would export electricity to India during the summer season and import power from India in the winter when output drops sharply resulting in crippling power shortages.
The Power Trade Agreement signed by Nepal and India in 2014 during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Kathmandu has opened the way for the two countries to establish an energy bank. “The concept of an energy bank is clear: We export to India when our production exceeds domestic consumption and we import from India during times of crisis,” said Mukesh Raj Kafle, managing director of the Nepal Electricity Authority, who participated in the meeting.
India is agreeable to the concept, but there is no open access to India due to legal complications. “The proposal is good, but we have to clear a number of regulatory provisions. We will start to work on it,” Khanal quoted Indian officials as saying. According to Nepali officials, it depends on India’s willingness. Nepal has also requested India to resume production from the 15-mw Gandak Powerhouse. The plant was constructed as per the Gandak Agreement. Similarly, Nepal has also requested India to build the Birpur Powerhouse as soon as possible.
Meanwhile, the two sides also discussed extensively the construction of roads by India on the common border. Nepali officials drew the attention of the Indian government to the road building projects, saying that they had increased the possibility of floods and inundation on the Nepali side.