Maoists shown the door, at last
Nepal’s was an interrupted revolution. Even before the Himalayan nation’s nascent bourgeoisie could complete a democratic revolution, against the degraded monarchy, another Maoist revolution had engulfed its countryside. It had created a turmoil, death and destruction. An Indian facilitation for peace had brought the Maoist cadres over ground in 2006, but the ancien regime of the landlords and bourgeoisie in the reified Nepalese Congress Party of the Koiralas were not willing to yield democratic political space to the new entrants. A royal army would not even induct into its ranks the soldiers of the revolution, despite a United Nations mandate for the same. The people wanted a new Constitution that could signify the country as a Republic. The Maoists had won the first general election in 2008 after their arrival on the overground scene, hands down. But they were told that since this was for a Constituent Assembly, they should give up the brutishness of the big majority and create areas of compromise and consensus. The two traditional political parties, the NC and United Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) played the blocking game at each turn of the Maoists attempt at governance. For a while, 2008, the Nepalese Congress Prime Minister, GP Koirala who had begun his this innings under the King, Gyanendra, would not even resign so that Maoists could replace him and have their own president. The two parties of the old system, NC and UCPN (M-L), conspired to talk about power-sharing and let Koirala stay. However, when the Maoists of 2008, threatened to go back to the jungles and renew their people’s war, the scared NC and UCPN (M-L) yielded.
The new men, the UCPN (Maoists) president, Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) became the president of the country and his deputy, Babu Ram Bhattarai, as prime minister. At each turn they were stymied. On the ground, while the so-called People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and the other cadres, enjoyed the peace dividend, at the apex level the embourgeoisment of the Prachanda had begun. Meanwhile, the people suffered from the logjam. Seemingly the external powers like New Delhi and Washington, appeared to enjoy the confusion. On occasions they stirred the pot as well. But it was this potent combination bourgeois-landlord, NC and UCPN (M-L) that won out as they now lead in the second Constituent assembly polls held this week. The interrupted Maosists’ revolution has lost its way in the quagmire of Parliamentary politics. Is there a lesson for the communist parties of the South Asian region? May be it is the incongruence of politics of the early nationalists and later revolutionists.