Millennium Post

Latin America demands answers from US on spying

From its neighbour Mexico down to Argentina, Latin American nations are demanding answers from the United States after a report of vast US spying on close allies and leftist critics alike.
Governments voiced a mix of outrage and concern after the Brazilian daily O Globo, citing documents leaked by fugitive former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden, said several nations were targets of US electronic surveillance.

The snooping included lifting data on leftist Venezuela’s oil and military purchases and Mexico’s drug war and energy sector as well as mapping the movements of a Marxist guerrilla group in Colombia, the newspaper said.  Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto Wednesday said his government had asked for ‘an explanation to clear up’ the spying claims and that if they turn out to be true, ‘it would be completely unacceptable.’  Pena Nieto, however, said the two allies still maintained relations of ‘respect and cordiality.’

The Mexican daily Excelsior Wednesday reported that Pena Nieto’s predecessor had allowed the United States to install a system to intercept phone calls and Internet chatter.  The Mexican attorney general’s office opened an investigation to determine whether a crime was committed.
Mexico and the United States have worked closely in the battle against drug trafficking in recent years, with the US government earmarking USD 1.9 billion in law enforcement training and equipment.
The reported spying on the energy sector comes as Pena Nieto, who took office in December, mulls a reform aimed at attracting more private investment in the state-run oil monopoly Pemex.
O Globo said other countries targeted by the National Security Agency were Argentina, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Paraguay, Chile, Peru and El Salvador.

‘It sends chills up my spine when we learn that they are spying on us through their intelligence services in Brazil,’ Argentine President Cristina Kirchner said, referring to another Globo report that the United States maintained a satellite spy base in Brasilia at least until 2002.
The issue will be on the agenda of Friday’s summit of the Mercosur trade bloc, which includes Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Venezuela. The leaders of Bolivia and Honduras were also invited to the talks in Montevideo.

‘The Mercosur meeting is an opportunity to take a common stand. Any attack on the sovereignty of one country must be answered with great firmness, because if we lower our heads, they will walk all over us,’ warned Brazil’s presidential chief of staff Gilberto Carvalho.
President Dilma Rousseff has ordered an investigation into the report of electronic spying on Brazilian citizens and companies.  
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