Human organ replicas possible from stem cells in 15 years
Kolkata: In a unique initiative, the students of the Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST) are doing a research on medical imaging technology through which human organs can be created with the stem cells of an individual requiring organ transplantation.
IIEST Director Ajoy Kumar Ray said that this idea can bring a revolution in the fields of both medical and engineering studies within 15 years. Through the help of imaging technology, one can create a substitute of his/her own kidney or liver with stem cells taken from his/her body.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues.
The students will learn 3D engineering objects, including 3D models of human organs. Within a span of 15 years, one can create his/her own kidney with the help of his/her stem cells. This may bring forth a revolution in the organ transplantations of patients.
The engineers will create a replica of a kidney or liver, exactly of the same size as that of the original one. The students will also learn the essence of engineering design and simulation through advanced simulation laboratories.
"Artificial teeth are already being made by the students at our institution. A model is created through the help of a 3D image of the patient's tooth, which needs to be replaced with a new one. The teeth can be made with the help of various substances like ceramic, plastic material or polymer," Ray said.
He also added that students are doing a great deal of work in robotics. The students have already created a robot that can climb trees. A hand-robot has been made which can be fitted on a patient whose hand has been amputated or if he has any deformity.
Research is also going on in medical robotics so that small robot devices can be inserted within the body for carrying out surgeries.