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Jallianwala Bagh massacre ‘deeply shameful’, says David Cameron

British prime minister David Cameron visited the site of a colonial-era massacre on Wednesday, describing the episode as ‘deeply shameful’ while stopping short of a public apology.

On the last leg of a three-day trip aimed at forging deeper economic ties, Cameron took the bold decision to visit the city of Amritsar and tackle an enduring scar of British rule over the subcontinent, which ended in 1947.

Dressed in a dark suit and bowing his head, he laid a wreath at the memorial to the victims at Jallianwala Bagh where British troops opened fire on thousands of unarmed protesters in 1919.

In a message in the visitors’ book, he wrote: ‘This was a deeply shameful event in British history and one that Winston Churchill rightly declared at the time as ‘monstrous’. We must never forget what happened here. And in remembering we must ensure that the United Kingdom stands up for the right of peaceful protest around the world.’

He later defended his decision not to say sorry, explaining that it happened 40 years before he was born and ‘I don’t think the right thing is to reach back into history and to seek out things you can apologise for’.

‘I think the right thing is to acknowledge what happened, to recall what happened, to show respect and understanding for what happened,’ Guardian newspaper quoted him as saying.

The number of casualties at the Jallianwala Bagh garden is unclear, with colonial-era records showing about 400 deaths while Indian figures put the number killed at closer to 1,000.

SK Mukherjee, the secretary of the Jallianwala Bagh memorial trust, spent half an hour guiding the British leader around the site, showing him a well into which 120 people jumped to their deaths as well as bullet holes in the walls.

Mukherjee said Cameron had struggled for words but had told him he was ‘regretful and this should not happen ever again’ as he left the memorial which has 20,000 visitors a day.

The incident saw soldiers under General Reginald Dyer’s command open fire on men, women and children in the enclosed area in one of the most infamous episodes of Britain’s colonial rule that helped spur the independence movement.

But the move to visit the site is seen as a gamble by Cameron, who is travelling with British-Indian parliamentarians, and could lead to calls for similar treatment from other former colonies or even other victims in India.

It immediately invited a debate about why Cameron was opening up wounds from the past — and was stopping short of saying sorry — during a visit designed to stress the future of Indo-British ties.
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