India 3rd in global doping report for 2013 by WADA
India may be considered a sporting minnow but in terms of doping by its athletes, it has been ranked third behind Russia and Turkey in a World Anti-Doping Agency Report for 2013 with as many as 91 from the country testing positive for banned substances in that year.
According to the 2013 Anti-Doping Rule Violations Report released by the WADA on June 15, Russia has <g data-gr-id="19">maximum</g> number of dope offenders with 212 testing positive while the figures for Turkey and India were 155 and 91 respectively. Of the 91 Indians, 20 were women athletes.
France came a close fourth with 90 dope cheats in the report compiled by the WADA based mainly on the information received from National Anti-Doping Organisations (NADOs). The comprehensive report, which dealt with testing of 207513 samples, covered 115 nationalities and 89 sports.
If the four non-analytical Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) are taken into account, India has 95 ADRVs, fourth in the WADA list behind Russia (225), Turkey (188) and France (108). Russia had 13 non-analytical <g data-gr-id="16">ADRVs,</g> while the corresponding figures for Turkey and France were 33 and 18 respectively.
Non-analytical ADRVs refer to cases that do not involve detection of a prohibited substance by a WADA-accredited laboratory but instances like failure to submit to a test, possession, use or trafficking of a prohibited substance following an investigation by athletes and support personnel.