Cargo traffic at India's 12 major ports recorded a growth of 5.3 per cent to 315.4 million tonnes (mt) in the first six months of 2016-17.
"The major ports in India handled 315.4 mt (million tonnes) of cargo during the first six months of FY 2016-17 (April-September) ....The cargo traffic handled by the major ports during the same period last year was 299.5 mt," the Ministry of Shipping said in a statement.
This is the result of many measures initiated by the ministry to improve the performance of ports, it added.
"These include mechanization of the terminals, improving the TAT (turn-around time), quick evacuation of cargo, expansion of infrastructure and skill development of employees.
"The slew of measures taken by the Ministry of Shipping to improve performance of ports has started to yield positive results," the statement said.
Among the 12 major ports, Marmugao Port recorded the highest growth in traffic during the first six months of 2016-17 (April-September) with an increase of 61 per cent, followed by Paradip (18.3 per cent), Vishakhapatnam (11 per cent), Kandla (7.1 per cent), Cochin (5.2 per cent), V.O.
Chidambaranar (3.5 per cent), New Mangalore Port (3.4 per cent) and Chennai Port (0.3 per cent). "Kandla Port handled the maximum cargo during the first six months of the FY 2016-17 (April-September). The port handled 53.9 mt, 17.1 per cent of the total cargo handled by major ports," the
Paradip was a close second at 42.6 mt (13.5 per cent), followed by JNPT at 30.8 mt (9.8 per cent) and Mumbai Port at 30.8 mt (9.8 per cent). Vishakhapatnam Port handled 30.6 mt cargo (9.7 per cent) followed by Chennai at 25.89 mt (8.2 per cent), V.O.Chidambaranar at 19.3 mt (6.1 per cent).
New Mangalore Port handled 17.5 mt of cargo followed by Haldia Dock Complex at 16.2 mt and Karmajar Port at 14.8 mt. The last three positions were occupied by Mormugao Port (10.07 mt), Cochin Port (11.9 mt) and Kolkata Dock System (7.6 mt).
Regarding commodity wise growth of cargo, the April-September period witnessed an astounding growth of 142.4 per cent in iron ore handling as compared to the same period last year.
"This growth in cargo share of iron ore can be attributed to re-starting of iron ore mining in the state of Goa. POL (petroleum, oil and lubricants) increased by 5.8 per cent followed by other cargo at 4.6 per cent and container at 0.7 per cent as compared to the same period in 2015-16," it said.
In terms of composition of cargo, the largest commodity handled in the period was POL (37.1 per cent), followed by coal (23.4 per cent), container traffic (19.6 per cent), other cargo (11.9 per cent), iron ore (5.66 per cent) and fertiliser and FRM (2.5 per cent).