Government plans to get Geographical Identification tag for four traditional Bengali sweets

Government plans to get Geographical Identification tag for four traditional Bengali sweets
West Bengal government is planning to get Geographical Identification (GI) tag for four traditional sweetmeat delicacies of the state with a view to protect them from imitations and for exporting them in future.

The four sweetmeats for which GI tags are being sought are ‘Moa’ of Jainagar, ‘Sarpuria’ of Krishnagar, and ‘Sitabhog’ and ‘Mihidana’ of Burdwan, Director of Food Processing Industries Jayanta Kumar Aikat said.

A GI tag is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.

While ‘Jainagar-er moa’ is made of puffed rice and date palm jaggery at Jainagar in South 24 Parganas district, Krishnagar of Nadia district is famous for ‘Sarpuria’ which is made of milk cream. ‘Sitabhog’ and ‘Mihidana’ are rice based sweets of Burdwan.

“GI tag is necessary for these items to protect them from cheap imitations. It will also help preserve quality,” Aikat said at the inaugural programme of ‘Mishti Mela’ (sweet fair) here in Malda district last evening.

The government also has plans to export sweets from the state in future and the GI tags would be of immense help in that endeavour, he said.

Aikat also underlined the necessity of maintaining quality of the sweets and their packaging which will help increase shelf life of the sweetmeats.

Machines, instead of hands, should be used in sweet making to increase production and maintain quality, he said.

Machines for sweet making and their packaging were displayed at the fair.

Food Processing Minister Krishnendu Chowdhury also stressed on good packaging to increase shelf life of Bengali sweets as a majority of them are made of ‘chhana’.

“The shelf life of sweets made of chhana is much less compared to those made of ‘kheer’ or coconut in other parts of the country,” Chowdhury said.

Nine districts of the state participated in the two-day sweet fair in which ‘Langcha’ of Shaktigarh, ‘Chamcham’ of Belakoba, ‘Jalbhara’ of Hooghly, ‘Chhanabara’ of Murshidabad and ‘Ras-kadamba’ of Malda and other delicacies are on sale.

Last year there was a debate between Bengal and Odisha, both laying claims to be the originators of the sweet. To settle the debate over the rest, the Odisha government had set up three committees.

All possible hands have been brought to the table. So if the order came from the office of the Odisha Science and Technology Ministry, the committees will include members from the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and Culture Departments.

Odisha Science and Technology Minister Pradeep Panigrahi had said the committees would consider how to go about getting a Geographical Indication (GI) registration for rasgulla, so that Odisha can “file a claim over it”. “We have never filed a GI for a food item. The rasgulla is a first for us,” he had added.

The three Odisha rasgulla panels had three distinct goals. The first panel would look into evidence regarding its origin in Odisha, the second would study the grounds for West Bengal staking claim to it, the third would collect necessary documents to validate Odisha’s stand. 

Odisha’s claim is that rasgulla was first served at the 12th-century Lord Jagannath Temple. This makes it at least three centuries old in Odisha, while Bengal only traces it back 150 years. West Bengal historian Haripada Bhowmik, who specialises in Bengali sweets, says that belief is misplaced. “The spongy white delicacy called rasgulla is made from chhena, which has distinct characteristics. It’s the unquestioned truth that Nobin Chandra Das (who called himself the inventor of rasgulla) was the pioneer of it. Even (Odia leader) Biju Patnaik acknowledged Nobin Chandra Das’s rasgulla and its Bengali origins,” Bhowmik had said.
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