New tool to help visually-impaired people enjoy memes
People with visual impairments often face difficulty to understand memes, but now researchers have developed a method to automatically identify memes and apply pre-written templates to add descriptive alt text, making them intelligible via existing assistive technologies.
The study was presented at the ACCESS conference in Pittsburgh, US.
Visually impaired people use social media like everyone else, often with the help of screen reader software. But that technology falls short when it encounters memes, which don't include alternate text, or alt text, to describe what's depicted in the image.
Memes largely live within social media platforms that have barriers to adding alt text.
Twitter, for example, allows people to add alt text to their images, but that feature isn't always easy to find. Of 9 million tweets the researchers examined, one million included images and, of those, just 0.1 per cent included alt text.
Researchers said that basic computer vision techniques make it possible to describe the images underlying each meme, whether it be a celebrity, a crying baby, a cartoon character or a scene such as a bus upended in a sinkhole. Optical character recognition techniques are used to decipher the overlaid text, which can change with each iteration of the meme.
For each meme type, it's only necessary to make one template describing image, and the overlaid text can be added for each iteration of that meme.
But writing out what the meme is intended to convey proved difficult. "It depended on the meme if the humor could be translated," said study researcher Cole Gleason from Carnegie Mellon University.
The team also created a platform to translate memes into sound rather than text. Users search through a sound library and drag and drop elements into a template.
"One of the reasons we tried the audio memes was because we thought alt text would kill the joke," Gleason said.
Researchers are currently working on related projects, including a browser extension for Twitter that attempts to add alt text for every image.
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