IIT-Delhi research partner in 20-million-pound project to tackle water security issues
New Delhi: The IIT-Delhi has partnered with UK Research and Innovation to work on a 20-million-pound project to develop new approaches to tackle challenges to water security and sustainable development. Eighty per cent of the world's population lives in areas threatened by water security, but efforts to resolve this are repeatedly thwarted by factors such as pollution, extreme weather, urbanisation, over-abstraction of groundwater and land degradation, according to experts at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Delhi .
The UK Research and Innovation is a new body that works in partnership with universities, research organisations, businesses, charities, and government to create the best possible environment for research and innovation to flourish, as per its website. The project is aimed at bringing together leading global experts from the academia, industry and government to understand and address the challenges to water security. "The water security of India is at stake because of the ever increasing demands for water, not only for irrigation but also for industrial and domestic sector," AK Gosain of the Department of Civil Engineering at IIT-Delhi and a lead researcher with the hub said.
Most of the river basins in India have been found to be over exploited which is corroborated by the "alarmingly falling groundwater tables year after year", Gosain said, adding, "India accounts for 25 per cent of the total groundwater extracted by the world." "The conditions are expected to further acerbate in the future due the impacts of climate change on water resources. Water security in India is going to undergo enhanced threat in the future," the lead researcher said.