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Air pollution: NGT recommendes less number of factories in Gurugram

Gurugram: In the context of deadly air pollution levels in Gurugram, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has recommended allowing less number of new factories to be set up in and around Gurugram. Moreover, it has also suggested to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and the state government that all the industrial units that are running on coal should be barred from functioning. The strict observation came at a time when a large number of industrial units are already facing action by the public authorities.

Taking stern action against those industrial units causing pollution, the Haryana state pollution control board (HSPCB) had earlier sealed 30 industrial units. The strict measures against the industrial units were anticipated as the public agency had served notices to various industrial units that were causing pollution.

Over 800 such units have been issued notices. Moreover, based on the evaluation, the HSPCB has also categorised industries into various zones based on the pollutions of these units. Around 230 units have been placed under the red category, the highest level for causing maximum pollution. Most of the automobile ancillary units that have their bases in Gurugram come under this category. Next, in line are 360 units that have been placed under the orange category. Next, in line are the 100 industries that have been placed under the green category –these industries are not contributing to polluting city's air.

To begin with, the officials have asked the polluting industries to have a measuring device to make them aware of the pollutants that are being generated from their production activities. Subsequently, the owners and managers of these enterprises have also been directed to devise mechanism or introduce technology that can prevent their contribution in polluting Gurugram's air.

The officials have also said that strict action will be taken if some of the units especially those under the red category lack of measures from their part.

"Dust pollution, poisonous gases discharged by diesel vehicles and open burning of garbage are some of the other factors cited for the poor quality of air prevailing in Gurugram. Even as strict orders have been issued by the National Green Tribunal to not allow the burning of the waste, the brazenness of not following the law can be witnessed in various densely populated areas of the city. The citizens and the government must collaborate together to fight this menace. Unfortunately, even though the awareness about pollution has improved, the proactiveness about it has not changed much," said Shweta Narang, a city resident.

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