Millennium Post

PM Modi launches Mudra to ‘fund the unfunded’

To ‘fund the unfunded’ self- employed as well as small businesses, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday launched the MUDRA Yojana that will offer loans of up to Rs 10 lakh at low rate of interest.

The Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Ltd (MUDRA) will focus on the 5.75 crore self-employed who use funds of Rs 11 lakh crore and provide jobs to 12 crore people, he said. “A look at the details reveals the reality that only 1.25 crore people find employment in large industries, whereas small enterprises employ 12 crore people... MUDRA scheme is aimed at funding the unfunded,” Modi said.

The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana, which has a corpus of Rs 20,000 crore, can lend between Rs 50,000-Rs 10 lakh to small entrepreneurs. It has been set up for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units.

It will provide refinance to banks and other institutions at 7 per cent. Explaining the functioning of MUDRA, Financial Services Secretary Hasmukh Adhia said micro finance institutions (MFIs) and non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) can avail of loans from MUDRA for onlending to the borrowers.

MUDRA has been registered as an NBFC with the Reserve Bank, Adhia said, adding that within a year, the government intends to come out with a legislation to convert the NBFC into a bank. He further said that MUDRA would act as a subsidiary of SIDBI and there would be no overlap with the functioning of the two. It will also help in developing MFI sector.

“We would encourage more MFIs to be created. So the purpose of MUDRA is to create as many MFIs as possible which can actually give same kind of eco-system and services which are avail now to these poor people. It will provide much needed fund at poor people doorsteps at a reasonable rate of interest,” Adhia said.

He added: “We rely too much only on commercial banks and unfortunately commercial banks are comfortable lending to people who want more than Rs 10 lakh. Their main forte has never been micro finance and that is what we are targeting.”

Govt to place MUDRA Bill in House in a year

The Rs 20,000-crore MUDRA Yojana, launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday to fund the “unfunded” with micro-lending of up to Rs 10 lakh, may be converted into a bank in next 12 months with passage of a bill in this regard in Parliament. The MUDRA Bill will seek to create a financial institution for providing collateral-free funding to 5.77 crore micro and small business entities engaged in manufacturing, trading and services.

The roles envisaged for the proposed MUDRA (Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency) Bank include laying down policy guidelines for micro enterprise financing business.

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