SC seeks reply on delay in payment of dues of `15,683 crore to sugarcane farmers
New Delhi: The Supreme Court Friday sought responses from the Centre and 16 sugarcane-producing states like Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra on a plea seeking a direction for immediate release of Rs 15,683 crore dues in a time-bound manner to the farmers, the delay of which was allegedly leading many to commit suicides.
A bench comprising Chief Justice S A Bobde and justices A S Bopanna and V Ramasubramanian decided to examine the issue after senior lawyer Sanjay Parikh explained that livelihood of over 5 crore farmers in the country and their dependents involved in cultivating sugarcane in an area of almost 50 lakh hectares are impacted due to delay in payment of dues.
The senior advocate made detailed submission as the bench initially observed that the plea has a very general prayer with regard to the money due to the farmers as nobody knew as to who owed how much and to whom.
He submitted that as on September 11, 2020, the dues to the sugarcane farmers across the country stand at Rs 15,683 crore and Uttar Pradesh is the worst-affected where the sugarcane companies owe at Rs 10,174 crore to farmers .
The delay in payment to the sugarcane farmers are leading many to commit suicides, the senior advocate, assisted by lawyer Vivek Singh, told the bench in the hearing conducted through video-conferencing.
Besides immediate payment of dues to the tillers, the plea also sought a direction to the authorities to take action against defaulting sugar mills and also registration of FIRs.
The plea also said a Committee of expert be formed to study the problems of non-payment of dues by the sugarcane industries and make changes in the legal framework to ensure that in the future no delay occurs in the payment of dues of farmers.
The bench, while issuing notice on the plea of Uttar Pradesh based farmer Lokesh Kumar Dhody and nine others, ordered that the names of private sugar mills, Bajaj Hindutan Sugar Ltd, Modi Sugar Mills and Simbhaoli Sugars Ltd, be removed from the list of parties.
On an oral prayer made by Sanjay Parikh, Senior Counsel appearing for the petitioners, the names of Respondent Nos.19, 20 and 21 (sugar mills) are deleted from the array of parties at the risk of the petitioners. Let notice be issued to other respondents, it said.
Sixteen states -- Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Punjab, Bihar, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Telangana, Odisha, Goa, Telangana and Puducherry have been asked to respond to the plea seeking seeking immediate disbursal of dues to the farmers.
The petitioners, who are affected sugarcane farmers whose dues remained unpaid for several years, are constrained to approach this court under Article 32 of the Constitution against blatant violation of their fundamental rights guaranteed under Article 19 (freedom of speech and expression) and 21 (Right to life) of the Constitution, the plea filed through lawyer Vivek Singh said.
Out of the total outstanding amount of Rs 15,683 crore - (i) Rs 12,994 crore pertains to crop procured during the 2019-20 marketing season; (ii) Rs 548 crore pertained to 2018-19; (iii) Rs. 242 crore pertained to 2017-181, (iv) Rs.1899 crore pertained to 2016-17 and previous years, the plea said.