The 30-year-old star, who played the on-screen Dhoni in the 2016 sports biopic "MS Dhoni: The Untold Story," said that MS is one of a kind.
"There is no one like you. You're the reason for millions of smiles. Take a bow my Captain. @msdhoni #dhoni," Sushant wrote on Twitter.
Other film stars, including Anupam Kher, Irrfan Khan and Randeep Hooda also took to the social media to thank Dhoni for making India proud.
"Thank you @msdhoni for making us feel euphoric and proud all these years. It was not only winnings but you also defined #Attitude for Indian Cricket," Kher tweeted.
Irrfan wrote, "What a captain you've been @msdhoni! Will always remember you winning world cups almost single handedly."
Calling MS' decision "out of the box", Hooda said, "Great era of Indian captaincy comes to an end with you @msdhoni #CaptainCool took out of box decisions that worked."
Dhoni has been India's most successful captain. Under his leadership India have won the ICC T20 World Cup in 2007, the ICC ODI World Cup in 2011, ICC Champions Trophy in 2013 and also reached the top of the Test rankings in 2009.