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Not so sweet

A recently conducted study shows that 75 per cent of the honey samples, that were collected from around the world, had key pesticide. This shows the magnitude of contamination these days.

Not so sweet

When researchers collected honey samples from around the world, they found that three-quarters of them had a common type of pesticide suspected of playing a role in the decline of bees. Even honey from the island paradise of Tahiti had the chemical.

That demonstrates how pervasive a problem the much- debated pesticide is for honeybees, said authors of a study published , recently, in the journal Science. They said it is not a health problem for people because levels were far below governments' thresholds on what's safe to eat.
"What this shows is the magnitude of the contamination," said study lead author Edward Mitchell, a biology professor at the University of Neuchatel in Switzerland, adding that there are "relatively few places where we did not find any."
Over the past few years, several studies, in the lab and the field, link insecticides called neonicotinoids (nee-oh- NIH'-kuh-tih-noyds), or neonics, to reduced and weakened honeybee hives, although pesticide makers dispute those studies. Neonics work by attacking an insect's central nervous system;
Bees and other pollinators have been on the decline for more than a decade and experts blame a combination of factors: neonics, parasites, disease, climate change and lack of a diverse food supply. Honeybees don't just make honey; about one-third of the human diet comes from plants that are pollinated by the insects. Bees pick up the pesticide when they feed on fields grown from treated seeds.
As part of a citizen science project, the Swiss researchers asked other experts, friends and relatives to ship them honey samples. More than 300 samples arrived and researchers tested 198 of them for five of the most common types of neonics.
Overall, 75 per cent of the samples had at least one neonic, 45 per cent had two or more and 10 per cent had four or more.
Results varied by region. In North America, 86 per cent of samples had the pesticide; Asia, 80 per cent; Europe, where there's a partial ban, 79 per cent; Africa 73 per cent; the Australian region, 71 per cent and South America, 57 per cent.
The study found that nearly half of the honey samples exceeded a level of the pesticide that some previous research said weakens bees, but the pesticide makers say otherwise. An outside expert, University of Nebraska's Judy Wu-Smart, said the study used too few honey samples to make the broad conclusions the researchers did.
Ann Bryan, spokeswoman for Syngenta which makes the neonic thiamethoxam, said the amount of the pesticide found in honey samples "are 50 times lower than what could cause possible effects on bees."
For researchers, the only solution to the problem is to change how we raise our crops. "There's currently a dogma that we can't feed the world without using these pesticides," one of them says. "But I really question this assumption and I think we should really consider alternatives more seriously than we do today." Neonics, which kill a broad variety of bugs, are used as preventative — the seeds are coated in these pesticides even though farmers don't know whether pests are going to attack their crops."
These findings are concerning not only for bees. Even though most studies have focused on how neonics harm honeybees, these pesticides harm many more insects, including butterflies, moths, and earthworms that live in contaminated soil.

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