Logging in will submit your comments on articles instantly without administrator moderation.
* indicates mandatory.
Keep me logged in
Streets more comforting than unhygienic shelters?
Delhi’s homeless are spending chilly winter nights on the streets alleging “unhygienic” conditions of night shelters for it, while government agencies blame their greed to get free blankets and clothes from NGOs.
Nursery admissions: Govt to challenge HC orders in SC
Another on-duty cop crushed to death by speed demon
Fog disrupts trains, flights, no respite likely today
HC pulls up NDMC for delaying survey of encroached space
Man robbed of SUV car in Rajouri Garden
HC asks ILBS to treat EWS kid for free, issues notice to govt, Centre
Can’t deny passport for seeking political asylum abroad: HC
Drama continues at St Stephen’s, staffer suspended again
CISF detains 2 persons with gold worth Rs 55L
Peshawar attack: Centre reissues advisory to schools
After this week’s Taliban attack on a school in Peshawar in Pakistan, the government has sent detailed instructions to schools across the country on how to prep against and react to a terror attack where students could be taken hostage.
BJP says it has nothing to do with ghar wapsi drive
Will support GST if states are fully compensated: Mamata
Rise in sexual-harassment cases at workplace, says govt
'You don't like conversion, bring law against it'
Exit polls: J&K may throw up hung assembly, BJP to get majority in Jharkhand
Pakistan issues arrest warrant against Taliban chief
Kashmir polls: 76 per cent turnout in last phase
Jammu and kashmir all set for final phase
J’khand ready for assembly polls in fifth, final phase
New Delhi walks tightrope
Ashok B Sharma
India must leverage its relations with both Russia and US to meet its energy needs.
In the kingdom of blasé!
Rudderless as never before
L S Herdenia
Seeds of peace dissipate
Besides a dream, he had a copyright too
Crude politics: Geostrategic effects of cheap oil
Engineering smart cities, with a heart
K V Venkatasubramanian
Ugly truth of black money chase
Ashok V Desai
Centre tied to RSS’ apron strings
Mired in many controversies
No Christmas celebrations for Pakistan Christians this year
Christians in Pak have called off all the Christmas celebrations this year, special prayers are arranged at all churches to offer prayers for the massacred children.
Earth meteorite indicates water reservoir on Mars
Three top ISIS leaders killed in air strikes: US officials
US Secret Service too insular, needs outside leader: Report
8 children found dead in mass-stabbing in Australia
Leaked CIA document reveals setbacks of targeted killings
Coercive, controlling behaviour within relationships, now a crime
Indonesia Closes Island Airport After Volcano Erupts
Around 11 dead in Japan snow storms: Reports
China to set up satellite to strengthen maritime power
Don’t coerce assessees to falsely admit income: CBDT to I-T dept
The CBDT has issued a stern warning to the taxmen asking them to "strictly avoid" indulging in acts which later embarrass the entire department.
Mid-Year Economic Review forecasts 5.5% growth this fiscal
Sebi bars 260 entities, sniffs huge money-laundering scam
Sebi did not follow procedure while taking action, says DLF
Shining India! 52% of our farming families indebted
India’s Nov steel output grows 4.8%; world average is 0.1%
Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit: A capital lesson for India’s states
Projection boosts Sensex by 245 points
SpiceJet shares fly 20% on Ajay Singh effect
Bajaj wins order for 1.25 lakh bikes from Sri Lanka govt
Groove to the beats !
Put on your dancing shoes as the Capital gears up for the 3rd edition Ignite! Festival of Contemporary Dance.
A woman’s sufferings
Because age is just a number
Profusion of bold colours
Delhi goes on a reading spree!
Magic of street food
Lodestar of Indian dance
Of soul and serenity
Oz tail wags to hurt India
India made a solid start to their second innings, reaching 71 for one to trail by only 26 at stumps on day three of the second Test at the Gabba.
It’s Sachin v Ganguly in ISL final
Saina storms into world Super Series Final semis
Mario Balotelli given one match ban over racist post
Injured Fikru to miss inaugural final
FIFA won’t reopen 2018, 2022 WC votes
My best is yet to come, hopefully, says Anand
Kapur in joint lead
Sharmila hangs in at tied 27th
IOA refuses to recognise Boxing India
‘Would rather marry than do a movie with three Khans’
Earlier this month, Aamir proposed the idea of a film starring Salman, Shah Rukh and himself.
From Chennai to Mumbai, Boney Kapoor on the go
2015 will be year of change for me: Priyanka Chopra
Broken Horses bowls over Hollywood filmmakers
Harrison, Bee Gees to get Grammy Life Time Achievement Awards
Sony scraps The Interview release!
Pitt, Clooney raise a toast to their nuptials
Knightley doesn’t need parenting tips, says Sienna Miller
Randeep Hooda experiences social media nightmare
Khamoshiya sequel to Haunted-3D?
Will we handle or do we crumble?
As Ebola reached Delhi, Africa Rising takes a close look at the hard facts of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. ‘For any infective disease, the basic reproduction rate is the number of new cases produced by a single case in a susceptible population. If the figure is less than 1 the infection will die out. If greater than 1 an epidemic can result. With Ebola the rate is just above 1.5 which means that every two cases produces three more.
Ebola waned, but so did human bonds
The African vulture collapse: What Asia needs to understand?
Who rallied the West to west African crisis?
Ethiopia - Land of Contrasts
Ebola as Ebola vs Ebola as myth
Uncovering the missing link
Hell’s gate national park: A future industrial estate
Amahoro: A generation spreads itS wings to negate Rwandan genocide
Revisiting Hotel Rwanda
Splinters of discontent
From promoting superstition to sitting on heaps of unaccounted wealth, there is nothing that the Deras have not been blamed for and accused of in the recent past. And yet when you see the mad rush of people lining up at Deras to catch a glimpse of their gurus you cannot find any apparent logic to justify the allegations in the face of the widespread and unflinching support they enjoy.
Wherein lies salvation
Make in India
As divine as dark
Living beyond 1984
The time traveller
Unmaking of a lamp
50 years after Sino-Indian war
26 October 2012, New Delhi, Anil Bhat
MAILING THE ARTICLE
You have decided to email the following article:
50 years after Sino-Indian war
26 October 2012, New Delhi, Anil Bhat
* indicates mandatory.
No bullets on borders since 1967 and trade rises with tensions between the two countries.
The Chinese build-up and incursions with release of maps in early 1950s brought to the notice of the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru by the Indian Army’s top brass were trashed by him based on his belief in Panchsheel and
Hindi Chini Bhai Bhai
(India-China brother brother) which ironically amounted to ‘bye-bye’ with the 1962 Chinese aggression. According to Achamma Chandersekaran, an expert in 29 languages, who was one of the official interpreters during Zhou En Lai’s visit to India in 1962, did not agree with the interpretation that others gave. He predicted that China would attack India in six months.
Nobody in the government, including Nehru, was willing to go with his interpretation. As Major Francis resigned in protest, China did attack India within six months. Indian Army lost 1,860 personnel. Nehru was a broken man and then Defence Minister V K Krishna Menon was sacked.
As expressed in Parliament by Pranab Mukherjee, when he was the external affairs minister, there was no defined boundary separating China and India. Mukherjee then stated, ‘China illegally claims approximately 90,000 sq km of the Indian territory in Arunachal Pradesh and about 2,000 sq km in the middle of the India-China boundary.’ China also controls 38,000 sq km territory that India claims in Jammu and Kashmir. After the humiliating Chinese aggression in 1962 (because of India’s political leadership refusing to admit Chinese intentions) there were a large number of incursions culminating into violent attacks by People’s Liberation Army (PLA) at Nathu La and Chola in Sikkim in 1967.
Indian Army’s aggressive retaliation in 1967 broke the 1962 jinx and may also have resulted in Chinese stepping down after build-up of tension and stand-off at Sumdorong Chu Valley in Arunachal Pradesh in 1984 and 1987. Thereafter, the first major step forward was Rajiv Gandhi’s path-breaking visit to China in 1988. This was followed by other high level visits on both sides. His successor, P V Narasimha Rao, took the process forward and in September 1993 signed the Treaty of Peace and Tranquility between the two countries, which also signified India quietly accepting the loss of 90,000 sq km of its territory. While this agreement ended the ‘eyeball to eyeball’ confrontation and soon after, in 1994, late General B C Joshi became the first Indian army chief to visit China.
While his visit was a success, it did not stop the Chinese from continuing to enter the Indian territory ‘looking for herbs’ – a favourite excuse – or deploying surveillance stations all around India as its ‘string of pearls’ strategy, or targeting it with their nuclear warheads, also substantially supplied ‘by private arrangement’ to Pakistan. So far, the only saving grace of the peace and tranquility agreement is that despite the intrusions, there has been no exchange of fire from either side.
But the way tension prevails by repeated provocation by frontline PLA troops, there can be no guarantee of that odd moment when some soldier’s patience snaps and firing is resorted to.
Although not a single Chinese bullet has been fired at the Indian troops since the Nathu La confrontation of 1967, China has kept the 4,057-km LAC live with incursions. Beginning with Finger, the northern-most point as named by the Indian Army in Sikkim (which was accepted as India’s and affirmed during Vajpayee’s 2003 visit), by May 2010, motorised foot and amphibious armed patrols of the PLA intruded into the strategic Trig Heights and Pangong Tso lake in Eastern Ladakh, bringing the figure of transgressions to 30 in Trig Heights itself and thereby signifying a quantum jump up to 52 per cent from 27 per cent in 2009.
Another major cause of worry is construction of airfields, roads, railway lines and strategic link up of Kashghar, in Pakistan with Havelian in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and ultimately with Tibet’s Medong region bordering Arunachal. Also worrying are China’s efforts to bolster surveillance capability by constructing border out posts (BOPs), which at places, can also be used to direct precision guided ammunitions (TV guided cruise missiles, terrain guided missiles e.g., KH59 mk II, which has a range of over 1,200 kms ) – all of which have the potential to substantially alter the strategic balance in favour of China.
In 2000, Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Mukut Mithi accused China of violating the LAC and crossing into the Indian territory near the Kayela Pass in the state’s Dibang Valley district, bordering Tibet. ‘They come in the guise of hunters, cross the LAC and at times even claim that parts of Arunachal belong to them,’ he had said.
In May 2007, Kiren Rijiju, former Member of Parliament, from Arunachal Pradesh made a startling claim that China had moved 20 km into the Indian territory, amounting to 9,000 square km. ‘It has been continuing for a long time…I have written to the government of India and raised the issue in the Parliament. The government of India is not accepting the incursion openly,’ said Rijiju.
Over the past 65 years, the Indian policy on China has been quite weak. Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was the only one who advocated a tough stand on China. During the 1967 Nathu La flare-up, she even sanctioned the use of artillery, at the request of the then brigade commander, MMS Bakshi.
Differences between the Chogyal of Sikkim and those seeking a union with India finally led to the total collapse of the administration, and the government that came in subsequently decided to become the 22nd state of India on 16 May 1975.
Some assertive steps taken in the recent past are the replacement of MiGs in Tezpur (Assam), with Sukhoi multi-role jet aircraft,
re-activating about 40 airstrips, raising two more mountain divisions and some battalions of Arunachal Scouts as a signal to the Chinese to stay off Arunachal Pradesh, which China claims as its own. India also reportedly raised the budget to the Dalai Lama from Rs 10 million to Rs 100 million.
The booming trade touching an annual $75.5 billion from $3 billion a decade ago, is considered to be much in China’s favour. Visits and talks may well be pursued but must not allow New Delhi being lulled into complacency as the Chinese threat against India is very real and all-encompassing.
Anil Bhat is a defence and strategic analyst.
Uneasy at the top
Duplicity and Durga
This article has
to post your comment.
POST YOUR COMMENT
You may post as guest, or by
. If logged in, your comment will be posted instantly without moderation by administrator.
* indicates mandatory.
(will not be posted online)
Has the son of India’s richest man killed two persons?
As AICTE loses its case in SC, IIPM crosses 2 million fans on FB
How Ambani’s Reliance corrupted the system
British intelligence alert exposed former CBI chief’s dirty link with meat seller
Sex, security and videotapes: CCTV footage from Metro stations find its way to Net
© Millennium Post. All Rights Reserved.