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‘If demonetisation was effective, I would have chanted Modi’s name’
While addressing industrialists in Bawana Industrial Area, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said that he is bound to criticise the PM’s wrong decisions.
CAG begins auditing of DND flyway
IIMC Delhi among top journalism institutes globally
Three airline employees held for theft of liquor bottles
1.71 lakh driving licences seized for traffic violations in the past year
Rejection of old notes at petrol pumps leaves customers with more woes
In remote areas, pensioners bear the brunt of cash shortage
88 trains delayed, 13 cancelled due to fog in Delhi
Cash-strapped people seek divine intervention in front of ATM
ATMs remain cashless in Noida
Need clear tax laws to prevent black money creation: Niti Aayog chief
Arvind Panagariya terms taxation laws in the country as ‘ill-defined’ .
ISRO to launch remote sensing satellite on Dec 7
Issue white paper on note ban: Congress to Centre
India for collective effort to ensure terror groups don’t find sanctuaries
Pvt schools in Kashmir open on weekends after shutdown
Parents’ effort to secure release of son in Pak jail hits hurdle
NSA Ajit Doval, Pak PM's advisor Aziz have brief interaction
Modi serves langar at Golden Temple
Support for Afghan refugees sought
NIA raids suspected Al-Qaeda men’s houses
Growing sense of distrust
Ongoing winter session of Parliament has exposed a lot that is wrong with the current ruling dispensation.
SC verdict on national anthem bad in law
Down to Earth
Bhopal must never be forgotten
Cutting emissions by building smarter cities
India-Israel ties: Growing warmth
Md. Muddassir Quamar
Bet your brain: What does it mean to “get smarter”?
Bhopal gas tragedy: 32 years later
Validation of India's drug patent policy
Explaining how social media accounts are hacked
Govt in denial over public health issue
Nikhil M. Babu
Philippines seeks B’desh help on $ 81 million heist
The Philippines has asked Bangladesh to share details of its investigation into an $ 81 million cyber-heist from the Bangladesh central bank after the proceeds ended up in Manila.
Chaos erupts as Iraq delivers aid to eastern Mosul
Raul Castro vows to defend Fidel’s revolution
Renzi rallies as Italy referendum battle heads to wire
Bangladesh honours humble rail hero after daring rescue
Trump’s call inspires hope in Taiwan, concern in Beijing
Palestinian Fatah party ends conference with boost for Abbas
Sharif keen to meet Trump, may visit US next month
No more room for the dead in Syria
Suspected Russian raids kill 46 across Syria’s Idlib: monitor
I-T dept detects undisclosed Rs 1.64 cr in Jan Dhan accounts
Undisclosed income detected will be brought to tax as per the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Jio opposed to PoI discussion at association forum: COAI
Indian Oil launches Digital Awareness Camp to promote cashless transactions
India presses Iran to award Farzad-B field to OVL
7-month Fiscal deficit at 79.3% of full-fiscal target
Government unlikely to implement DBT in kerosene
AIBEA seeks criminal action against Mallya, other ‘defaulters’
ESIC hikes wage limit to bring more workers under net
Apple reveals autonomous vehicle ambitions for future
ONGC crosses daily production target; revises annual goal
Cinnamon, honey help in getting rid of blackheads
Blackheads are a feature of acne, a common skin condition that involves lesions frequently and are a result of a black pigment called ‘sebum’ which oxidises and turns black.
Antidepressants in pregnancy may up birth defects
Limiting children’s choice of toys can fuel stereotypes
Breaking free from patriarchy
Plant ivy, bamboos for air purification at home
Why could men be more at risk of diabetes?
Highly skilled women pay largest ‘motherhood penalty’
Exploring pan-Indian cuisine
How to protect your shoes in winter
Rekindling brotherhood in mankind
India pound Pak to complete Asia Cup 'double hattrick'
Chasing a 122-run target, Pakistan were restricted to 104/6 in 20 overs.
Smith record century leads Aussies to ODI win
Vineeth stars as Kerala beat NorthEast, reach semi-final
Mukesh wins Panasonic Open, oldest to win Asian tour title
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Sex abuse claims at 55 English football clubs: Report
Shuttler Shreyanshi Pardeshi goes down fighting to Malaysia’s Soniia Cheah
Indian Aces suffer first defeat of season in IPTL
Players back Anand Amritraj to continue as Davis Cup Captain
Premier League: Liverpool rocked as Bournemouth win seven-goal thriller
People tried to shame me for not knowing English: Kangana
The National award-winning actor known for her role in movies like Tanu Weds Manu and Queen talks about how important it is for women to believe in themselves to be treated equally.
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‘Harry Potter And The Cursed Child’ coming to Broadway
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Lawrence wants Aronofsky to stay with her
Taapsee Pannu-starrer Running Shaadi.com to release on Feb 3
Ganesh Hegde hopes to choreograph Shahid soon
Cyrus, Liam Hemsworth not planning any wedding
Draped in colours
Behind the glitz and glamour of the recently held third India Africa forum summit lies a simple fact that India is still as clueless about its intentions and policy towards Africa as it has always been, reports Kriti Upadhyaya.
African voices in India
Inspiring Kenyan warriors to save lions
Queen of the wild nurtures Indian wilderness
FM favours cess over additional tax for compensating states
Indian eves lose to NZ in four-nation series opener
Africa talks to Africa Rising - Unprecedented and historic
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Zambia @51 Message from Acting High Commissioner Sikapale Henry Chinzewe
The legacy left behind by Cuba’s longtime ruler Fidel Castro who died at the age of 90 is one of unbridled rebellion and fiscal naivety.
Holding out hope for Ranthambhore tigers
Farmers, govt divided over note ban impact
Realty sector takes a hit
200 Years of GLORY
A magic beyond words
Deadly air chokes again
PLIGHT OF OUR FURRY FRIENDS
50 years after Sino-Indian war
26 October 2012, New Delhi, Anil Bhat
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50 years after Sino-Indian war
26 October 2012, New Delhi, Anil Bhat
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No bullets on borders since 1967 and trade rises with tensions between the two countries.
The Chinese build-up and incursions with release of maps in early 1950s brought to the notice of the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru by the Indian Army’s top brass were trashed by him based on his belief in Panchsheel and
Hindi Chini Bhai Bhai
(India-China brother brother) which ironically amounted to ‘bye-bye’ with the 1962 Chinese aggression. According to Achamma Chandersekaran, an expert in 29 languages, who was one of the official interpreters during Zhou En Lai’s visit to India in 1962, did not agree with the interpretation that others gave. He predicted that China would attack India in six months.
Nobody in the government, including Nehru, was willing to go with his interpretation. As Major Francis resigned in protest, China did attack India within six months. Indian Army lost 1,860 personnel. Nehru was a broken man and then Defence Minister V K Krishna Menon was sacked.
As expressed in Parliament by Pranab Mukherjee, when he was the external affairs minister, there was no defined boundary separating China and India. Mukherjee then stated, ‘China illegally claims approximately 90,000 sq km of the Indian territory in Arunachal Pradesh and about 2,000 sq km in the middle of the India-China boundary.’ China also controls 38,000 sq km territory that India claims in Jammu and Kashmir. After the humiliating Chinese aggression in 1962 (because of India’s political leadership refusing to admit Chinese intentions) there were a large number of incursions culminating into violent attacks by People’s Liberation Army (PLA) at Nathu La and Chola in Sikkim in 1967.
Indian Army’s aggressive retaliation in 1967 broke the 1962 jinx and may also have resulted in Chinese stepping down after build-up of tension and stand-off at Sumdorong Chu Valley in Arunachal Pradesh in 1984 and 1987. Thereafter, the first major step forward was Rajiv Gandhi’s path-breaking visit to China in 1988. This was followed by other high level visits on both sides. His successor, P V Narasimha Rao, took the process forward and in September 1993 signed the Treaty of Peace and Tranquility between the two countries, which also signified India quietly accepting the loss of 90,000 sq km of its territory. While this agreement ended the ‘eyeball to eyeball’ confrontation and soon after, in 1994, late General B C Joshi became the first Indian army chief to visit China.
While his visit was a success, it did not stop the Chinese from continuing to enter the Indian territory ‘looking for herbs’ – a favourite excuse – or deploying surveillance stations all around India as its ‘string of pearls’ strategy, or targeting it with their nuclear warheads, also substantially supplied ‘by private arrangement’ to Pakistan. So far, the only saving grace of the peace and tranquility agreement is that despite the intrusions, there has been no exchange of fire from either side.
But the way tension prevails by repeated provocation by frontline PLA troops, there can be no guarantee of that odd moment when some soldier’s patience snaps and firing is resorted to.
Although not a single Chinese bullet has been fired at the Indian troops since the Nathu La confrontation of 1967, China has kept the 4,057-km LAC live with incursions. Beginning with Finger, the northern-most point as named by the Indian Army in Sikkim (which was accepted as India’s and affirmed during Vajpayee’s 2003 visit), by May 2010, motorised foot and amphibious armed patrols of the PLA intruded into the strategic Trig Heights and Pangong Tso lake in Eastern Ladakh, bringing the figure of transgressions to 30 in Trig Heights itself and thereby signifying a quantum jump up to 52 per cent from 27 per cent in 2009.
Another major cause of worry is construction of airfields, roads, railway lines and strategic link up of Kashghar, in Pakistan with Havelian in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and ultimately with Tibet’s Medong region bordering Arunachal. Also worrying are China’s efforts to bolster surveillance capability by constructing border out posts (BOPs), which at places, can also be used to direct precision guided ammunitions (TV guided cruise missiles, terrain guided missiles e.g., KH59 mk II, which has a range of over 1,200 kms ) – all of which have the potential to substantially alter the strategic balance in favour of China.
In 2000, Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Mukut Mithi accused China of violating the LAC and crossing into the Indian territory near the Kayela Pass in the state’s Dibang Valley district, bordering Tibet. ‘They come in the guise of hunters, cross the LAC and at times even claim that parts of Arunachal belong to them,’ he had said.
In May 2007, Kiren Rijiju, former Member of Parliament, from Arunachal Pradesh made a startling claim that China had moved 20 km into the Indian territory, amounting to 9,000 square km. ‘It has been continuing for a long time…I have written to the government of India and raised the issue in the Parliament. The government of India is not accepting the incursion openly,’ said Rijiju.
Over the past 65 years, the Indian policy on China has been quite weak. Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was the only one who advocated a tough stand on China. During the 1967 Nathu La flare-up, she even sanctioned the use of artillery, at the request of the then brigade commander, MMS Bakshi.
Differences between the Chogyal of Sikkim and those seeking a union with India finally led to the total collapse of the administration, and the government that came in subsequently decided to become the 22nd state of India on 16 May 1975.
Some assertive steps taken in the recent past are the replacement of MiGs in Tezpur (Assam), with Sukhoi multi-role jet aircraft,
re-activating about 40 airstrips, raising two more mountain divisions and some battalions of Arunachal Scouts as a signal to the Chinese to stay off Arunachal Pradesh, which China claims as its own. India also reportedly raised the budget to the Dalai Lama from Rs 10 million to Rs 100 million.
The booming trade touching an annual $75.5 billion from $3 billion a decade ago, is considered to be much in China’s favour. Visits and talks may well be pursued but must not allow New Delhi being lulled into complacency as the Chinese threat against India is very real and all-encompassing.
Anil Bhat is a defence and strategic analyst.
Uneasy at the top
Duplicity and Durga
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